India is the only one of the world’s countries to have such a huge geographical region, making it home to people who belong to every community and religion. The development of India’s extensive legacy over the course of several centuries has resulted in a great deal of diversity in Indian culture, society, and celebrations.
The many regions of India are very different from one another, and this diversity has led to the development of a wide variety of rituals and celebrations across the country.
Sikhs celebrate the birth of the tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh Ji, on his birthday with a holiday known as Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti (or Govind Singh Jayanti). This festival has religious origins, and its purpose is to pray for good fortune.
Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth and current Sikh Guru, was born on December 22, 1666, in Patna. Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is celebrated on the lunar calendar every year on the date that would have been his birth. After his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, passed away, the future Khalsa Panth founder became a Sikh guru at the tender age of nine.
People of all ages have found wisdom and encouragement in Guru Gobind Singh’s words. He was 41 years old when he was murdered in 1708. On this day, donations of food and clothing are made to the poorobind Singh’s words. He was 41 years old when he was murdered in 1708. On this day, donations of food and clothing are made to the poor.
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Large groups of followers get together to pray in the gurudwara, eat together, and sing devotional music. Four of Guru Gobind Singh’s sons were murdered while he was alive.
The teachings of Guru Gobind Singh Ji have a profound effect on Sikhs. He opposed the Mughal rulers and battled for justice during his lifetime. Taking five individuals from the lowest social strata, Guru Gobind Singh Ji christened them as His Five Beloved in 1699, bestowing upon them the qualities of tremendous bravery and devotion to God. Guru
Gobind Singh Ji established the Khalsa, a military force of saint-soldiers whom he baptized, because of his devotion to God, his lack of fear, and his determination to protect the people from oppression.
The Khalsa, inspired by Guru Gobind Singh Ji, adhered to a rigorous code of conduct and observance of spiritual discipline. Kesh (long, uncut hair), Kangha (a wooden comb), Kara (an iron or steel bracelet worn around the wrist), Kirpan (a sword), and Kacchera (tight, low-rise trousers) were the five Ks he taught to the Sikhs.
It was because of his bravery that the people of India revolted against the authority of the Mughal emperor. Guru Gobind Singh Ji was a prolific writer in addition to his other roles as a spiritual and military commander. He designated the Guru Granth Sahib, the central text of Sikhism, to be the eternal Sikh Guru before his death in 1708.
Honor The Occasion
On Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti, it is traditional for massive processions to move through the streets of India’s markets. During the procession, the parents and children enjoy sweets and a cold drink, or sharbat, while singing devotional songs. Gurudwaras are places of worship where special prayer meetings are performed.
As part of the celebrations commemorating the Guru’s birthday, talks on his life’s history and recitations of poetry are given. During the celebrations, guests can enjoy a variety of foods that have been specially created for the event.
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People of all faiths and none mark this day by traveling to gurudwaras and sharing his teachings. Greetings are exchanged between individuals. Pass out the langars. Lights and candles are a common fixture in gurudwaras.
Fascinating Facts About Sikhism
- In Sikhism, “God” is understood in a way that is distinct from that of other faiths. “Ik Onkar” means “one constant” in the local language. Although some translations may portray God as male, the Gurmukhi script makes it clear that God in Sikhism is genderless, atemporal, and asexual (without form).
- Before Guru Gobind Singh, the turban, or “dastar” in Persian, meant something very different. The turban was a symbol of aristocracy and deference because of its association with propriety and respect. A turban was a telltale sign of high social status in the past, whether one was a Mughal nobleman or a Hindu Rajput.
- It is generally agreed that the Guru Granth Sahib is more authoritative than the scriptures of the various other world religions. The Guru Granth Sahib, which is mostly comprised of the Gurus’ own writings, was gathered and put together by the Sikh Gurus. In addition to that, the devotional writings of both Muslim Sufis and Hindu Bhaktas are featured here.
- There is no such thing as a good or bad time, day, or number, according to those who embrace the Sikhism religion. There is no ranking system in Sikhism for the days of the week or the numbers from one to 365, which are all considered equal.