Marburg Virus Disease Suspected in Two Ghanaians

Preliminary samples collected from two individuals who died after exhibiting symptoms and testing positive for viral haemorrhagic fever have been reported as the first-ever suspected instances of Marburg virus disease (MVD) in Ghana.
Before they can be formally verified as cases, the samples were transported to the Institut Pasteur in Senegal, a WHO Collaborating Center. They are now being processed.

The patients, who were both from the Ashanti area in the south but were not related, had diarrhoea, fever, nausea, and vomiting as part of their symptoms.
However, they eventually died after being transferred to an Ashanti regional district hospital.

Since the two samples were obtained two weeks ago, there have been no additional instances recorded, according to a statement from the Ghana Health Service.

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According to the health department, a total of 34 persons have been placed under quarantine as a precaution.

Marburg Virus Disease Suspected in Two Ghanaians!

Global health officials in Ghana are getting help from the World Health Organization (WHO).

The WHO’s Ghana representative Francis Kasolo stated, “The health authorities are on the ground assessing the issue and preparing for a potential epidemic reaction.”

In order to prevent the virus from spreading, “we are working closely with the government.”
If the cases are verified, this would represent West Africa’s second epidemic of MVD.

Last year, a solitary case was found in Guinea.

The WHO deemed the epidemic to be ended after five weeks due to the lack of further cases.

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Are You Familiar With The Marburg Disease?

Virus hemorrhagic fever, like Ebola, is in the same family.

It is very contagious and was first discovered in 1967 after outbreaks in the German cities of Marburg and Frankfurt as well as the Serbian capital of Belgrade.

Those epidemics were, according to the WHO, connected to Ugandan imports of African green monkeys used in scientific experiments.

The virus’s natural host, however, is a species of fruit bat called Rousettus aegyptiacus.

When humans are exposed to Rousettus bat colonies for an extended period of time, they get infected with MDV.

People get infected with the Marburg virus by direct human-to-human transmission from fruit bats.

What’s The Best Way To Share It?

Direct contact with blood, saliva, or other body fluids of persons infected with the virus may lead to human-to-human transmission, which happens via torn skin or mucous membranes.

It may also spread via direct contact with infected surfaces.

According to the WHO, infected clothes and bedding used by MVD patients, as well as burial procedures that require close touch with the corpse of a dead patient, are all ways in which it spreads.

How Is It Handled?

There is no vaccine or licenced antiviral therapy for MVD, according to the WHO.

Treatment of certain symptoms and rehydration by oral or intravenous fluids may enhance a patient’s chances of life.

Blood products, immunological therapy, and pharmacological therapies are among the treatments under consideration, according to the WHO.

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