It is generally agreed upon that Oscar Wilde, an Irish dramatist, novelist, and poet, was one of the most significant people in the world of literature throughout the 19th century. Wilde was a prolific writer who produced a significant body of work despite the fact that he had a very short life span. He was famous for his humor, his charisma, and his flamboyant demeanor.
We shall investigate Oscar Wilde’s early life, his meteoric ascent to prominence, and his terrible fall from grace throughout the course of this article, which will also include his works.
Early Life And Education
Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde was born on October 16, 1854, in Dublin, Ireland, into a famous Anglo-Irish family. He is known as Oscar Wilde. Jane Francesca Elgee, his mother, was a poet and journalist who wrote under the pseudonym “Speranza.”
His father, Sir William Wilde, was a well-known eye and ear physician. His mother educated him at home until 1871, when he enrolled at Trinity College in Dublin. Even at a young age, Wilde had a talent for languages and literature.
At Trinity, Wilde was able to achieve academic success, which earned him a number of awards and scholarships. The epithet “Oscar the Wild” was given to him due to his unusual conduct and flashy attire, both of which contributed to his notoriety.
After receiving high honors during his time at university in 1874, Wilde relocated to London in order to pursue a career in literature.
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Rise To Fame
When Wilde moved to London, he made a name for himself almost immediately as a prominent person in the world of literature. He was renowned for his wit, humor, and sparkling conversational skills. He became a well-known member of society and was a regular visitor to the parties and salons hosted by wealthy and powerful individuals.
The anthology of poems named “Poems” (1881) was Oscar Wilde’s first work to be published. Although it was met with a variety of responses from critics, it did serve to highlight Wilde’s gift for lyrical expression.
His first play, “Vera; or, The Nihilists,” which he wrote in 1880, was not a commercial success. Nevertheless, his second play, “The Duchess of Padua,” which he wrote in 1883, was well accepted by critics and helped Wilde establish his name as a playwright. But, it was his third play, “Lady Windermere’s Fan,”
which was performed in 1892 that brought him widespread recognition. The play was a commercial and critical triumph, and Wilde’s wit and humor received a lot of praise from audience members and critics alike.
In the years that followed, Oscar Wilde wrote and produced a number of additional plays, including “A Woman of No Importance” (1893), “An Ideal Husband” (1895), and “The Importance of Being Earnest.” All of these plays were very well received (1895).
These plays solidified Wilde’s reputation as a master of comedy and established him as one of the most popular and important writers of his day. They also helped Wilde earn the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1923.
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Wilde’s private life was marred by scandal and tragedy, despite the fact that he was a successful author. In the year 1891, he started an affair with Lord Alfred Douglas, a young aristocrat who would eventually turn out to be the love of his life.
It was a romance that was fraught with controversy and scandal, and it was ultimately responsible for Wilde’s fall from grace.
In 1895, Douglas’s father, the Marquess of Queensberry, leveled the accusation of homosexuality on Wilde. At the time, homosexuality was a crime in the UK. Wilde filed a lawsuit for libel, but the trial went against him very immediately.
In the end, he was found guilty of gross indecency and condemned to two years of hard labor for the crime. Wilde’s health declined while he was incarcerated, and by the time he was released, he was destitute and emotionally damaged.
Wilde was finally freed from prison in 1897 and went into exile in France, where he penned his final piece, “The Ballad of Reading Gaol” (1898), a profound reflection on the dreadful conditions of incarceration. Meningitis took his life on November 30, 1900, when he was 46 years old and he passed away in Paris.